FANDOM


Structural actions in support of urban issues The majority of European citizens live in urban areas. Cities are centres of economic growth, but can at the same time face concentrations of social, environmental and economic problems. The URBAN Community Initiative is an instrument within EU Cohesion Policy, dedicated to the regeneration of urban areas and neighbourhoods in crisis.

The second round of URBAN ("URBAN II") consists of 70 programmes across the EU, covering some 2.2 million inhabitants. These areas often face quite severe deprivation and specific challenges. For example, on average unemployment and crime rates in URBAN II areas are both around twice the EU average. In addition, the proportion of immigrants is more than twice the average for EU urban areas. Finally, the proportion of green spaces - an indicator of environment and amenity - is only half the EU urban average.

Between 2001 and 2006, the European Union invested more than Euro 728 million of European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) money in these areas. Adding local and national cofinancing, including the private sector, this makes a total investment of Euro 1.6 billion. Funding concentrates on physical and environmental regeneration, social inclusion, training, entrepreneurship and employment.

A particular feature of the URBAN initiative is the high degree of involvement of the local level. In most cases the local authority is responsible for day to day implementation, advised by local community groups and in partnership with the national / regional authorities and the European Commission. Another interesting feature is that there will be a network of the URBAN II programmes ("URBACT") to exchange information and experience on sustainable urban development across the European Union.

06 December 2005 : Public consultation on urban development and sustainable communities “Cohesion Policy and cities: the urban contribution to growth and jobs in the regions”. For more information go to: Programmes: Urban 2 Urban audit [1] [http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/urban2/urban/upp/src/frame1.tm 1989-1999 Urban Pilot Projects1&2

Documents: The Territorial and Urban dimension in the National Strategic Reference Frameworks and Operational Programmes (2007-2013). A first assessment - May 2007 (2MB)

Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities - May 2007 (100KB)

Ex-post Evaluation Urban Community initiative (1994-1999) - Final Report - August 2003

Partnership with the Cities. The URBAN Community Initiative

Fourth progress report on economic and social cohesion (12 June 2006) http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/reports/interim3_en.htm Third progress report on economic and social cohesion (17 May 2005) 1989-1999 Urban Pilot Projects1&2 1989-1999Urban Pilot projects 1 & 2 2003 - Second Progress Report on economic and social cohesion published 2002 - The Progamming of the Structural Funds 2000-2006 An initial assement of the URBAN Initiative (COM/2002/308 final) 2002 - First progress report on economic and social cohesion (COM/2002/46)[ http:2001 - Second report on economic and social cohesion (In particular, see section 1.3.2 "Urban areas") 2000 - An initial report on the Urban Community Initiative 1994-1999 [http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/reports/som_en.htm 1999 - European spatial development perspective • http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/communic/caud/caud_en.htm 1999 - Action Plan for Sustainable Urban Development: A Framework for Action (COM/1998/605 final) • http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/communic/pdf/urban/urban_197_en.pdf 1997 - Commission Communication - The urban question: orientations for a European debate. (COM/1997/197 final) Useful addresses of networks of cities:

http://www.eurocities.org/ Eurocities

http://www.iclei.org/europe/la21/sustainable-cities.htm The European Sustainable Cities & Towns Campaign

http://www.gdrc.org/uem/networks/index.html The Urban Environmental Management Research Initiative UEMRI Guide to City Networks • : http://www.deutscher-verband.org/seiten/urban-netzwerk/default.asp The German-Austrian Urban Network

http://www.urban-france.org The French Urban Network

http://www.urbact.org URBACT http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/urban2/index_en.htm 2000-2006 URBAN II

http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/urban2/audit_en.htm urban audit http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/urban2/urban/initiative/src/frame1.htm 1994-1999 URBAN I

1989-1999 Urban Pilot Projects1&2 1989-1999 Urban Pilot Projects1&2

Documents: The Territorial and Urban dimension in the National Strategic Reference Frameworks and Operational Programmes (2007-2013). A first assessment - May 2007 (2MB) Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities - May 2007 (100KB) Ex-post Evaluation Urban Community initiative (1994-1999) - Final Report - August 2003 (2MB) - Executive Summary Partnership with the Cities. The URBAN Community Initiative.


http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/communic/pdf/urban/com_2002_308_en.pdf 2002 - The Progamming of the Structural Funds 2000-2006 An initial assement of the URBAN Initiative (COM/2002/308 final) http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/reports/interim1_en.htm 2002 - First progress report on economic and social cohesion (COM/2002/46) http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/reports/contentpdf_en.htm 2001 - Second report on economic and social cohesion (In particular, see section 1.3.2 "Urban areas") http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/informat/info_en.htm 2000 - An initial report on the Urban Community Initiative 1994-1999 http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/reports/som_en.htm 1999 - European spatial development perspective http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/official/communic/caud/caud_en.htm 1999 - Action Plan for Sustainable Urban Development: A Framework for Action (COM/1998/605 final) 1997 - Commission Communication - The urban question: orientations for a European debate. (COM/1997/197 final)

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